Line, form, texture and color are the four basic elements in any floral arrangement.
1.Line creates the line of movement for the eye to follow when looking at a flower arrangement. Lines in floral design are not necessarily straight or uninterrupted. Lines may be: vertical, horizontal, s-curve, zigzag, or diagonal. An s-curve design may need to be wired to allow the flower stems to maintain a lazy s. In the zigzag the flowers radiate back and forth from the center line of the arrangement with the flowers getting smaller as you near the top. The diagonal lines radiate out from the vertical and horizontal lines at 45 degree angles.
2.Form may be one sided or all the way around in floral design. The three basic forms are circle, square and triangle. The square is not often used in floral design because it lacks movement in its shape. The circle is used more often as it is found in nature and has a pleasing movement. The crescent is a section of the circle that lends grace and beauty to an arrangement. The oval is another variation of the circle which can be used in floral designing. However, the most often used form in flower arranging is the triangle. The triangle can be used in a symmetrical fashion or to add more interest to a design it may be asymmetrical.
3.Texture includes the physical and visual feel of the components comprising your flower arrangement. Texture is often used to create gender appeal in a design. Hard, rough, woodsy textures are popular for men, while women may prefer softer, airier textures. Texture is important in creating interest, but be careful not to overdo it and disturb the unity of the design.
4.Color may be the most important element in floral design. Humans respond to the colors around us in a variety of ways. Soothing greens and blues can make us happy and relaxed, while bright yellows and reds can excite and stir up emotions. Color is light and we need light with which to see color. When we see all the colors reflected on an object we see white and when an object absorbs all the colors we see black. Being familiar with the color wheel will help you as you coordinate color harmonies for that perfect eye pleasing design.